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  • z.polkowski@ujw.pl



Auschwitz   was first constructed to hold Polish political prisoners, who began to arrive in May 1940. The first extermination of prisoners took place in September 1941, and Auschwitz II–Birkenau went on to become a major site of the Nazi “Final Solution to the Jewish question“. From early 1942 until late 1944, transport trains delivered Jews to the camp’s gas chambers from all over German-occupied Europe, where they were killed with the pesticide Zyklon B. At least 1.1 million prisoners died at Auschwitz, around 90 percent of them Jewish; approximately 1 in 6 Jews killed in the Holocaust died at the camp.Others deported to Auschwitz included 150,000 Poles, 23,000 Romani and Sinti, 15,000 Soviet prisoners of war, 400 Jehovah’s Witnesses, homosexuals, and tens of thousands of people of diverse nationalities. Living conditions were brutal, and many of those not killed in the gas chambers died of starvation, forced labor,infectious diseases, individual executions, and medical experiments.asaskldhsjkhfsa

Useful tips

The entrance fee to the Auschwitz–Birkenau Museum and Memorial, with a student discount, is of 30 PLN/person.
Check the weather before visiting the complex, Auschwitz II-Birkenau camp is placed on an open field and is usually closed for visitors during heavy thunderstorms for safety reasons.



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